Sapiens (Yuval Noah Harari)

One of the rare non-fictions which explains its ideas and research without confusing the reader with jargons. It explains and analyses the events which should have been taught to students as part of their history curriculum. The events that really mattered and shaped up mankind the way we know it today.

The book explains how the human brain and society developed and what tradeoffs humans (homo sapiens) had to give off in order to be the most dominant species on the face of Earth. The journey starts from pre-historic time where the reader can visualize our forefathers hunting and gathering. And as one proceeds in the book, the reader experiences the agricultural revolution on ground zero, navigates from central Africa to other parts, putting a stronghold of the sapiens footprint wherever they crossed. Looks at the first recorded writings and their mundane uses. It looks at the military conquests of medieval era from the lenses of how it shaped the society and gives a perfect explanation of rise and fall of military powers and rise of capitalism. Slowly the world gives in to the humans and one learns the exponential advancement of science and maths which helped humans in establishing their supremacy.

The first part of the book gives an insight into the development of human thought process, in the ability to believe in something that may not necessarily exist but is the delicate fabric of society as we know it. The second part of book combines the above with the intuitiveness of the human mind and its implications in advancement of science and ultimately the establishment of our species as the most powerful one on the face of Earth.

The beauty of the book is it forms up theories and tries to validate as well as invalidate the same with events from history as examples. This forces the reader to have an active analytical mind weighing the examples and approving or disapproving the theories.

In conclusion the book is a page turner, simple to understand but at the same time explains complex theories as easily as explaining basic addition to fifth graders.

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